歐盟晶片法草案獲通過 要求與台展開「晶片外交」

方泠卉
2023-01-25
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歐洲議會產業暨能源委員會1月24日以壓倒性的67票贊成、1票反對,表決通過歐盟晶片法草案及議會各黨團提出的修正案。(Photo by Slejven Djurakovic on Unsplash)

歐洲議會產業暨能源委員會24日投票通過歐盟晶片法,其中一條罕見的修正案,要求歐盟展開「晶片外交」,與台、美、日、韓等戰略性夥伴合作,以確保供應鏈安全。

中央社報導,歐洲議會產業暨能源委員會(Industry and Energy Committee)24日以壓倒性的67票贊成、1票反對,表決通過歐盟晶片法草案及議會各黨團提出的修正案。法條內容中提及關於與第3國合作的條文,值得注意。

草案第7條指出,由於半導體供應鏈的全球化特性,與第3國合作是歐盟尋求半導體生態系韌性的重要條件,因此執委會應在歐洲半導體委員會(European Semiconductor Board)的協助下,與第3國建立夥伴關係。

多名議員都針對該條提出類似修正案,將「第3國合作」明確納入台灣。熟悉歐洲議會運作的外交官表示,直接納入台灣的歐盟法案相當罕見。

產業暨能源委員會通過的修正條文整合版本增列第7條a款,規定:「執委會代表歐盟,應尋求與理念相近的戰略夥伴合作,例如擁有半導體產業優勢的美國、日本、韓國及台灣,透過『晶片外交倡議』以強化供應安全、因應斷鏈,並涵蓋晶片原料及第3國出口管制等領域的對話協調。」

該條款要求歐盟建立晶片外交機制,並與合作夥伴建立投資和貿易協定或其他外交措施,以強化交往關係來確保晶片安全。

今次通過晶片法草案及修正案的下一步是,歐洲議會2月13至16日在史特拉斯堡的全體大會期間進行黨團協商。屆時若無提案要求交付全體表決,議會將把整套法案交予角色類似「上議院」的歐盟理事會(Council of the European Union),即會員國代表們,進行協商,兩機構取得共識後才會完成立法。

全球半導體供應短缺情況仍未紓解,富豪汽車(Volvo)在比利時根特(Ghent)的工廠,20日宣布因晶片短缺停工一周。歐美等政府近年已將晶片視為重要戰略物資,紛紛提出法案追求供應鏈自主。

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